How To Care for Hedgehog Babies?

Although hedgehog babies are adorable, they’re also pretty complicated. Hedgehogs are cute and adorable creatures that can be a lot of fun to be around.

However, we must remember that they are also mammals and need a lot of care in order to stay happy and healthy.

This article will educate you on how to take care of adult hedgehogs, but more importantly, how to take care of their babies. If you’re thinking of adopting one of these prickly pets, here’s what you need to know about caring for them as newborns.

Make Sure You Have a Permit.

Please note that there are many states and countries that have restrictions on hedgehog ownership.

You might want to check your local regulations before you get a hedgehog or if you are planning on moving to another state or country with one.

In some cases, it’s not enough just to know where the laws stand—you also need to be aware of how they can change over time.

For example: in the United States, importing hedgehogs into California has been illegal since January 2015; however, this law is currently being challenged by animal rights groups as unconstitutional.

Consider the Risks Involved

It is important to remember that hedgehogs are wild animals. They have different needs than domestic pets, and as such, care for them should be approached with caution.

  • Hedgehogs can carry diseases. It is important to make sure that any hedgehog you take in or plan on having has been tested for tuberculosis (TB) and is free of other diseases. Hedgehogs have been known to carry the plague, which can be transmitted through bites or scratches; this has been an issue with orphaned young who were not raised properly.
  • Hedgehogs may bite or scratch when handled by people unfamiliar with their behavior patterns or anatomy. While these bites aren’t usually harmful, they do pose a danger to small children who might want to hold them without proper supervision from parents/guardians/caretakers, etc., so it’s best if you only take in adult hedgehogs if possible (although there are exceptions). Even adults should still be handled carefully; some hedgies have poor eyesight so they’re not always able to distinguish between hands/fingers moving towards them as potential predators versus friends wanting attention.

Hedgehog Nutrition Can Be Tricky.

If you’re wondering what to feed your hedgehog, here are some guidelines:

  • Hay is the best food for hedgehogs. Hay should be made of grasses and clovers and other plants grown naturally in the open air. Don’t use wet or moldy hay. Dry hay is better than wet hay because it has more nutritional value and isn’t as likely to cause digestive problems like diarrhea. If you don’t know if your local pet shop sells dried grasses, ask them. They might surprise you with an answer that includes “yes.”
  • Hedgehogs need fresh food every day (or every other day). When purchasing store-bought food for your baby hedgehog, make sure it’s organic so he doesn’t eat pesticides or herbicides along with his mealtime treats.

Hedgehog Bones Are Delicate.

Unlike humans and other mammals, hedgehogs’ bones are very thin and break easily.

While hedgehog bones can’t be splinted in the same way as human ones, they can still be held.

However, you should only hold your baby for short periods of time; two minutes is usually plenty.

Hedgehogs Are Picky Eaters.

Hedgehogs are picky eaters, so it’s important to provide them with a diet that is as close to what they would naturally eat in the wild as possible.

There are many foods that are not appropriate for hedgehogs, and there are several ways to make sure your pet gets everything they need.

  • Don’t force them to eat: While you may think your young hedgehog would be grateful for a few extra treats and snacks every now and then, this can actually be harmful to their health and growth rate. Instead of forcing your pet to consume food, it doesn’t want or like (and therefore won’t digest properly), try giving them something safer instead.
  • Avoid human foods: Even if you don’t think something is dangerous for your baby hedgehog (like bread or cheese), there’s no reason why you should feed these types of items outside of the occasional treat anyway—and even then only sparingly. It’s best just not to mess around with such risky stuff at all—for both parties sake.

Clean Food and Water

Like all animals, hedgehogs need clean water and food every day.

You can find commercially prepared food at pet stores or online, but it’s also easy enough to make your own with a few simple ingredients.

You can also offer them bread, cereal (no sugar), oatmeal, cornmeal, and other grains as long as there isn’t any added salt or sugar in them. As for water? It’s best if you use distilled

Don’t Hold the Hedgehog Too Much.

If you’re interested in getting a hedgehog, we recommend going to an experienced breeder. If a breeder is not an option, check with local shelters and rescue organizations to see if they have any available.

Hedgehogs are wild animals and need to be handled carefully while they are still babies.

They can bite and scratch if they feel threatened or scared by the way you handle them, so it’s best to keep their nails trimmed once a week (see below).

Hedgehogs are also very prickly when they get older, so make sure not to hold them too much.

The more time they spend out of their cage early on will help with socialization but should be kept at least once per day until that becomes less necessary after about 2 months old.

Keep them Warm

It’s important to keep them warm. They are born with no fur and cannot regulate their own body temperature, so you’ll need to provide heat in some way.

You can use an incubator or a heating pad under a towel. Make sure they are not too hot or too cold—you don’t want to burn them or freeze them

Don’t Use Towels or Blankets When Housing the Hedgehog.

You may be tempted to use a towel or blanket when housing your hedgehog, but these are not good items for the animal.

They’re made of synthetic materials that can cause suffocation and other problems for your hedgehog. Instead, use soft clothes like cotton towels or sweatshirts to keep them warm and comfortable.

Make Sure the Hedgehog Has Plenty of Room to Exercise and Play.

A healthy and happy hedgehog will have plenty of room to roam, run, and play. Make sure your hedgehog has a big cage with lots of space for climbing, running, and playing.

A single adult hedgehog needs at least a 4-foot long by a 2-foot-wide cage (or bigger). The cage should also provide places in which he/she can hide if they want privacy or feel threatened.

Don’t Forget about Playtime

Don’t forget about playtime. Hedgehog babies need lots of stimulation when they’re young so that they’ll be ready for when they’re older: just make sure there isn’t anything dangerous lying around that might pose a danger (like wires or electrical sockets).

Breeders And Pet Stores Can Make Good Suggestions for How to Raise Hedgehogs.

Breeders and pet stores have a lot of experience with hedgehogs and can be a good resource. If you’re looking for a breeder, there are many online options.

You can also find breeders at animal shelters or events such as county and state fairs, where animals are on display.

You should never buy a hedgehog from an unknown source—they may be sick or unhealthy, which could lead to your new baby not living long after being adopted home with you.


If you love animals, have the time and money to care for the hedgehog, and are willing to make some sacrifices in your home, then raising a hedgehog may be a good idea.

But before you make any decisions about adopting one of these little creatures, talk to your family members first.

You want everyone on board with this decision because caring for an animal is not just about what he or she needs; it’s also about how much time you’re willing to spend with them or each day.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Do Hedgehog Eat Their Babies?

Yes, however it is not common. It is not in the hedgehog’s nature to cannibalize their young. Hedgehogs will not eat a sick, injured, or vulnerable baby. While hedgehogs are known to eat their young, this is more common in the species native to Africa and Eurasia, the two species found in North America are not known to eat their young. Hedgehogs keep their young in a pouch in their stomach.

What are Hedgehog Babies Called?

Hedgehog babies are called hoglets.

How many babies can a Hedgehog Have?

As Hedgehogs are nocturnal, they will only give birth at night. A Hedgehog’s gestation period is 21 – 23 days. So, a Hedgehog can have up to 3 babies.

How long do hedgehog babies stay with their mothers?

Hedgehog babies leave their mother about 8 weeks after being born. Hedgehogs are born fully furred and with their eyes open.

They start to open their eyes at two days old. The eyes open at 5-10 days and the babies start to move around at 2 weeks. The babies stay with their mother until they reach about 3-4 months.

Can Baby Hedgehogs Swim?

Baby Hedgehogs are born in the water. So do baby squirrels, baby birds, baby ducks, baby raccoons, baby deer, baby rabbits and baby mice.

If a baby goes missing and can’t swim, it’s more than likely drowned. It’s best never to take a baby animal out of its nest or den unless you know it’s safe, and it won’t drown if it can’t swim.

How much should a Baby Hedgehog Weigh?

Hedgehogs typically have a weight of 1.5 to 2 ounces.

Are baby hedgehogs born with Spikes?

Hedgehogs have spines growing from the end of their snout to their rump. Hedgehog babies do not have spines on their heads, ears, or tails. Hedgehogs are born without spikes but grow them over the course of their first few months of life.

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