How To Tell if Baby hedgehog Are Dead?

Caring for baby hedgehogs, also known as hoglets, can be both a rewarding and challenging experience, particularly for those new to it.

Ensuring their health and well-being is paramount, but sometimes, despite best efforts, situations arise that are beyond their control.

One of the hardest things a caregiver may confront is the possibility of a hoglet’s death.

Recognizing the signs can be difficult, especially because hoglets, like many other young animals, have unique behaviors and responses to illness or distress.

In this blog post, we will guide you through understanding the critical signs that may indicate a hoglet’s passing, helping you navigate this distressing situation with knowledge and sensitivity.

Checking for Life

If you have found a baby hedgehog or a hedgehog nest, it’s very important to take care because they are vulnerable creatures. Below are some signs to indicate if a baby hedgehog is healthy or in need of help.

Signs of a Healthy Baby Hedgehog:

  1. Appearance: It has a rounded body with no visible injuries and a clear, shiny coat of spines.
  2. Activity: Healthy babies will be active, especially during nighttime hours (hedgehogs are nocturnal).
  3. Weight: A healthy baby hedgehog (hoglet) should steadily gain weight.
  4. Noise: Hoglets make soft noises when they are content and healthy.

Signs that a Baby Hedgehog Needs Help:

  1. Visible during daytime: Hedgehogs are nocturnal, so a hoglet seen during the day might be in trouble.
  2. Injuries: Visible wounds, blood, or a limp could indicate that the baby hedgehog is hurt.
  3. Weight: If the hoglet feels lightweight or you can see its bones under the skin, it could be undernourished.
  4. Noise: High-pitched squealing could mean the hoglet is in distress.
  5. Appearance: If it’s covered in parasites, has crusted eyes, a runny nose, or diarrhea, it needs help.
  6. Temperature: A hoglet that feels cold to the touch may be in critical condition.

In any of these situations where the baby hedgehog seems to need help, please contact a local wildlife rescue center or a vet for advice. Never try to care for a wild baby hedgehog yourself without professional guidance.

Health Issues and Possible Causes

Baby hedgehogs, or hoglets, like other baby animals, can experience a variety of health issues.

Some of these can be caused by environmental factors, while others may be due to genetics or infection.

Here are some common health problems that baby hedgehogs may face:

Health IssuePossible Causes
HypothermiaCold environment, neglect from mother, malnutrition
DehydrationA genetic disorder, cause still under study
MalnutritionMother’s inability to nurse, neglect, orphaned hoglet
Wobbly Hedgehog SyndromeGenetic disorder, cause still under study
ParasitesPoor habitat conditions, contact with infected animals
Skin InfectionsBacterial or fungal infections, poor hygiene, improper bedding
Respiratory InfectionsExposure to cold and damp conditions, bacterial or viral infection
InjuriesRough handling, attack by predators, environmental hazards
Internal ParasitesIngesting contaminated food or water, contact with infected animals
AnemiaHeavy parasite infestation, poor nutrition
DiarrhoeaDietary changes, bacterial or viral infections, parasites

Please remember that hedgehogs are wild animals and should not be kept as pets unless it’s legal and ethical to do so in your area.

They require specific care, and it’s important to understand their needs fully before deciding to care for one.

If you find a sick or injured baby hedgehog, it’s crucial to get professional help immediately.

Please contact a local wildlife rehabilitation center or a veterinarian who has experience with hedgehogs. They will be able to provide the best care and advice for the hedgehog.

Also Read: – What Kind of Milk Do You Give Baby Hedgehogs

Emergency Care for Baby Hedgehogs

Here are some steps for providing emergency care to a baby hedgehog:

Keeping the Hedgehog Warm

Baby hedgehogs, particularly orphaned ones, are at high risk of hypothermia. Use a heating pad set to low or medium heat, wrapped in a towel, to create a warm spot.

You can place the baby hedgehog on this pad, but make sure there’s space for it to move off if it gets too hot.

Alternatively, you can fill a hot water bottle with warm (not hot) water, wrap it in a towel, and place it next to the hedgehog.

Providing Shelter and Safety

A cardboard box lined with a soft towel can work as a temporary shelter for the hedgehog. Place the box in a quiet, dark, and warm area.

Make sure the box has ventilation. Avoid handling the hedgehog unnecessarily, as it may be stressed or frightened.

Seeking Professional Help

As soon as you can, contact a local wildlife rescue, rehabilitation center, or vet experienced with hedgehogs. They can provide specific advice and help for the baby hedgehog’s situation.

Hydration and Nutrition

If instructed by a professional, you can offer some rehydration solution (like unflavored Pedialyte) using a dropper.

Never force-feed a hedgehog, as it can choke or aspirate. Avoid giving cow’s milk, as hedgehogs are lactose intolerant.

Always remember that hedgehogs are wild animals, and taking care of them requires specialized knowledge.

It’s always best to hand over the care of the baby hedgehog to professionals as soon as possible.

Also Read: – How To Care for Hedgehog Babies?

How can I differentiate between hibernation and death in a hedgehog?

Body TemperatureLowered but not coldCold
BreathingSlow and regularNo breath or irregular
Response to StimuliCan occur at any timeNo response to stimuli
Body PositionCurled up in a ballCould be any position
Body StiffnessBody remains flexibleRigidity or stiffness (rigor mortis)
HeartbeatSlow but steadyNo heartbeat
SmellNo bad smellMight smell due to decomposition
Time of YearUsually winter or cooler monthsCan occur any time
SurroundingsGenerally safe & secludedMight show signs of sickness or injury

Please remember that if you are unsure, it is always best to seek advice from a professional, like a veterinarian, to ensure the well-being of your hedgehog.

It’s also important to know that not all hedgehogs hibernate, it depends on the species and the environment.

Taking Action if a Baby Hedgehog Has Died

If a baby hedgehog has died, it’s crucial to first remove the deceased from the cage or area shared with any other hedgehogs to prevent the spread of potential illness.

Use gloves to carefully pick up the baby hedgehog, placing it in a plastic bag or a small box.

Make sure to clean and disinfect the area where the baby hedgehog was found to further reduce the risk of transmitting any possible diseases.

After removing and cleaning, you should notify a local wildlife rehabilitation center or a veterinarian specializing in exotic animals, even if the cause of death seems apparent.

They can provide valuable advice and, if necessary, can help investigate the cause of death through a necropsy (an animal autopsy).

This could be particularly important if there are other hedgehogs in your care, as it may help prevent further loss.

Following their advice, you can proceed with a respectful burial or disposal of the body. Always remember to wash your hands thoroughly after handling deceased animals to prevent zoonotic diseases.

Also Read: – How Long Does a Hedgehog Live as a Pet?

Wildlife and Environmental Concerns

Conserve Water and Create Habitat:

Hedgehogs, like many other wildlife species, depend heavily on the natural resources in their environment.

Conserving water not only aids in maintaining the planet’s water balance but also preserves the habitats of these creatures.

Small ponds in gardens can serve as water sources for hedgehogs. Additionally, creating a habitat for hedgehogs can be as simple as providing a sheltered spot in your garden.

Compost heaps, log piles, or purpose-built hedgehog houses can give hedgehogs a safe space to sleep, breed, and hibernate.

Garden Safety and Hedgehogs:

Gardens can be both a haven and a hazard for hedgehogs. When gardening, avoid using pesticides and slug pellets, which are harmful to hedgehogs.

Instead, encourage the presence of hedgehogs, natural predators of many garden pests. Also, be cautious when using garden tools like strimmers or mowers, as hedgehogs can hide in long grass.

At night, keep an eye out for hedgehogs before letting pets out, as dogs can injure these small creatures.

Seasonal Effects on Hedgehog Behavior:

Hedgehog behavior changes drastically with the seasons. In the warmer months, they are more active at night, foraging for food and seeking mates.

The summer is when you’re likely to see baby hedgehogs, or hoglets, exploring their environment. As temperatures drop, hedgehogs start to prepare for hibernation.

They accumulate fat reserves and seek out suitable places to sleep through the winter.

This is a vulnerable time for them, and they can benefit from supplementary feeding and safe hibernation spots in gardens.


Understanding the signs of life and death in a baby hedgehog, also known as a hoglet, requires careful attention and knowledge of their usual behaviors and physical characteristics.

Remember to look for signs such as lack of movement, response to touch, heartbeat, or breath. In addition, the hedgehog’s body temperature and color could provide clues about its well-being.

However, it’s crucial to remember that these are general guidelines and may not be definitive. For example, a cold hedgehog may not be deceased but instead, could be in hibernation.

A hoglet’s skin color changes may also signify illness rather than death. The best course of action in any situation where a hoglet’s health or life is in question is to contact a wildlife rehabilitator or a veterinarian who specialized in exotic animals.

Lastly, always prioritize your safety. When handling a potentially deceased hoglet, use gloves and wash your hands thoroughly afterward.

By following these steps, you can ensure your safety and take the necessary actions to help protect these delightful creatures.

In closing, while the death of a baby hedgehog can be a sad event, it is part of the natural cycle of life. As nature lovers, our role is to ensure we create a safe environment for these creatures and intervene responsibly when necessary.

Let’s continue learning, understanding, and respecting the delicate balance of wildlife in our environment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Determining if a baby hedgehog, also known as a hoglet, is dead might not always be straightforward, especially for those inexperienced with hedgehog behavior and physiology.

Here are some FAQs to guide you:

What signs should I look for?

A deceased hedgehog may exhibit a lack of movement or response to touch. It might appear limp and not exhibit the typical ball-like shape when disturbed. Additionally, the hoglet might lack a noticeable heartbeat or breath.

Can I check their breathing or heartbeat?

Yes, but doing so can be quite tricky, especially with very small or young hedgehogs. You can place your finger gently against the hoglet’s chest to see if you can feel a heartbeat or see if its chest is rising and falling with breath.

What about temperature?

Hedgehogs are warm-blooded creatures. Therefore, a hoglet that feels cold and isn’t moving might be dead.

However, it’s important to note that during hibernation, a hedgehog’s body temperature drops, and its metabolic functions slow down. So, a “cold” hedgehog isn’t necessarily a dead one.

Can their color tell me anything?

Possibly. A healthy hoglet should have a pink skin tone. If it is pale, blue, or grey, it may be a sign of illness or death.

Can I consult with a professional?

Yes, and it’s highly advisable to do so. If you’re unsure about the condition of a hoglet, it’s best to consult a local wildlife rehabilitator or a vet who specializes in exotic pets.

They can provide expert advice and assistance.

Remember, if you suspect a baby hedgehog has died, avoid touching it with your bare hands. Always use gloves and wash your hands thoroughly afterward.

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