What Happens if Hedgehog Eats Plastic?

While hedgehogs are known for their curiosity and insatiable appetite, their tendency to explore the world around them can sometimes lead them into dangerous situations.

One such peril is the accidental ingestion of plastic. As human-made waste continues to permeate every corner of our planet, these spiny mammals, like many other animals, can unintentionally consume plastic debris, mistaking it for food.

But what actually happens if a hedgehog eats plastic?

In this blog post, we’ll delve into the unfortunate consequences of plastic ingestion for these tiny creatures.

We’ll explore how it affects their health, hinders their natural behavior, and poses a significant threat to their survival.

Join us as we unveil the unseen hazards these adorable creatures face in their daily lives and discuss how we can contribute to mitigating this growing environmental problem.

Stay tuned as we unroll this prickly issue, understanding the plight of hedgehogs in a world increasingly cluttered with plastic waste, and learn what we can do to make their world a little safer.

Why Did My Hedgehog Chew on Plastic?

In unfamiliar environments, hedgehogs might chew on diverse objects, plastic included, to satisfy this inherent curiosity.

They tend to engage with new materials to grasp their texture, scent, and taste. However, this investigative behavior can pose potential risks when the object in question is a piece of plastic.

Also Read: – Can Hedgehogs Eat Bacon?

In some cases, food remnants or lingering odors on plastic materials can trick a hedgehog into believing that the plastic is edible.

The plastic used to wrap or contain food might retain the scent of that food.

When a hedgehog encounters such a piece of plastic, it might mistake the smell of the trapped food for the actual food, leading to them chewing or even ingesting the plastic.

This can be particularly problematic if the plastic is small enough for the hedgehog to swallow.

Another aspect to consider is the teething phase in young hedgehogs, also known as hoglets. Similar to other mammals, hoglets experience a period of teething when their new teeth are coming in.

During this time, they might chew on a variety of items, including plastic, as a way to soothe their discomfort. Although this is a natural process, it’s crucial to ensure that safe and appropriate items are provided for this purpose.

Lastly, a common reason behind a hedgehog chewing on plastic can be traced back to boredom or stress.

If a hedgehog’s environment lacks sufficient stimulation, it might resort to chewing on anything it can find, including plastic.

Similarly, hedgehogs under stress might adopt chewing as a coping mechanism. Therefore, it’s important to provide your pet hedgehog with a stimulating environment filled with appropriate toys and materials to chew on.

If you observe your pet hedgehog chewing on plastic, it’s essential to immediately remove the plastic from its reach. Chewing can lead to accidental ingestion, which can cause severe health problems.

If you suspect your hedgehog has ingested plastic, seek veterinary help right away. Always ensure your hedgehog’s environment is safe, engaging, and free from harmful materials like plastic.

Harmful Effects on Hedgehogs

Hedgehogs, like other small mammals, can suffer from numerous harmful effects if they accidentally ingest plastic:

  • Internal Injuries: Plastic is a tough, indigestible material. If a hedgehog consumes plastic, it can cause tears and blockages in its digestive tract. Sharp edges can lead to internal injuries that may result in severe pain, infection, and potentially death.
  • Intestinal Blockage: The ingestion of plastic can result in blockages in the hedgehog’s intestines. This can prevent the hedgehog from absorbing necessary nutrients from its food, leading to malnutrition and potentially starvation.
  • Toxicity: Plastics often contain a variety of chemicals that can be harmful or even toxic to hedgehogs. When ingested, these toxins can cause a wide range of health problems, including hormonal imbalances, reproductive issues, and even cancer.
  • Dehydration: An intestinal blockage caused by ingested plastic can prevent a hedgehog from properly absorbing water from its food. This can lead to dehydration, which can have severe health effects and may be fatal.
  • Reduced Lifespan: The combined stress and health problems caused by plastic ingestion can lead to a reduced lifespan in hedgehogs. They may be unable to reproduce effectively, further impacting the population of the species.

The harmful effects of plastic ingestion are not limited to hedgehogs. Many wildlife species suffer from similar issues due to human-generated waste, particularly plastic waste.

This highlights the importance of responsible waste disposal and reducing our reliance on single-use plastics.

Also Read: – How to Clean Hedgehog Ears?

Preventing Hedgehogs from Eating Plastic

Preventing hedgehogs and other wildlife from eating plastic involves a collective effort from everyone to reduce and better manage waste.

Here are some strategies to help prevent hedgehogs from ingesting plastic:

  1. Proper Disposal of Waste: Always make sure that you dispose of your waste properly. Use covered bins to ensure that animals cannot access the waste, and never leave plastic bags or other plastic items lying around where hedgehogs can reach them.
  1. Reducing Plastic Use: One of the most effective ways to prevent plastic ingestion is to reduce the amount of plastic you use. Opt for reusable items instead of single-use plastics whenever possible, and consider using alternatives to plastic, such as glass or metal.
  1. Clean-Up Efforts: Participate in or organize local clean-up events to pick up litter in your community. This not only benefits hedgehogs but also helps other local wildlife.
  1. Garden Safety: If you have a garden, make sure there is no plastic waste lying around that a hedgehog might find. You might also consider creating a safe space for hedgehogs, such as a log pile or leaf pile, where they can find food without the risk of plastic.
  1. Education and Awareness: Spread the word about the dangers of plastic waste to wildlife. The more people are aware of the issue, the more they can do to help prevent it.
  1. Support Wildlife Rescues: There are many organizations that rescue and rehabilitate injured wildlife, including hedgehogs. Supporting these organizations can help ensure that more hedgehogs get the help they need.

Remember, every small action can make a big difference. Let’s work together to keep our environment clean and safe for all its inhabitants.

Treatment for Hedgehogs Consuming Plastic

If a hedgehog has ingested plastic, it will likely require professional veterinary care. Plastic cannot be digested and can cause severe internal injuries, so prompt intervention is essential.

Here are the general steps a vet might take to treat a hedgehog that has eaten plastic:

  • Assessment: The veterinarian will first conduct a thorough physical examination. In some cases, they might use an imaging method like X-ray or ultrasound to determine the location and size of the ingested plastic.
  • Stabilization: If the hedgehog is dehydrated or malnourished, vets will often work to stabilize the animal first. This could involve administering fluids, pain relievers, or other necessary treatments.
  • Removal of Plastic: Depending on the location and size of the plastic, different methods may be used for its removal. If the plastic is still in the stomach and small enough, it may be possible to remove it using an endoscope. However, if the plastic has moved into the intestines or is too large, surgery might be required.
  • Post-treatment Care: After treatment, the hedgehog will likely need a period of rehabilitation. This may involve medication, a special diet, and close monitoring to ensure it is recovering well.

If you find a hedgehog that you suspect has ingested plastic, do not attempt to treat it yourself. Contact a local wildlife rescue center or veterinarian who can provide the appropriate care.

It’s also important to remember that prevention is always better than cure.

Reducing plastic waste and ensuring it is disposed of properly can help prevent hedgehogs and other wildlife from ingesting it in the first place.

Impact on Hedgehog Species

The widespread consumption of plastic by wildlife, including hedgehogs, can have profound implications for their populations and ecosystems.

Here’s a look at how the ingestion of plastic affects hedgehog species as a whole:

  1. Population Decline: The health issues and increased mortality rates associated with plastic ingestion can lead to a decline in hedgehog populations. This is particularly concerning given that several hedgehog species are already facing significant declines due to habitat loss, road deaths, and other factors.
  1. Decreased Reproductive Success: Health problems related to plastic ingestion, such as hormonal imbalances, can decrease reproductive success in hedgehogs. This can further contribute to population declines.
  1. Habitat Disruption: The presence of plastic waste can alter the environments where hedgehogs live, making it harder for them to find food and safe places to nest. Over time, this can lead to habitat disruption and loss.
  1. Predator-Prey Relationships: Changes in hedgehog populations can disrupt predator-prey relationships. For example, a decline in the hedgehog population might mean more food for other small animals, leading to a potential overpopulation of those species.
  1. Biomagnification: Similar to other animals higher up in the food chain, hedgehogs could potentially accumulate toxic substances from ingested plastic in their bodies. Predators feeding on affected hedgehogs could then indirectly ingest these toxins, leading to a biomagnification effect up the food chain.

These potential impacts underscore the need for urgent action to address plastic pollution.

While individual hedgehogs suffering from plastic ingestion is a serious animal welfare concern, the broader implications for hedgehog species and ecosystems make this a critical environmental issue.


In summary, the accidental ingestion of plastic presents severe and life-threatening risks to hedgehogs, including physical harm, malnutrition, dehydration, and potential toxicity.

Moreover, the wider implications of plastic ingestion extend beyond individual hedgehogs to impact their overall populations and ecosystems negatively.

Preventing these incidents is paramount and involves collective efforts from all of us to reduce plastic use, manage waste responsibly, foster safer habitats, and raise awareness about this pressing issue.

Additionally, supporting wildlife rescues and rehabilitation efforts is crucial for providing immediate help to affected hedgehogs.

While these steps might seem small individually, collectively they have the potential to create significant, lasting change, helping to ensure a healthier, safer future for our spiny companions and the environment we share.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can hedgehogs digest plastic?

No, hedgehogs cannot digest plastic. Their digestive system is designed to break down organic matter like insects, fruits, and vegetables. Consuming plastic can lead to severe health issues and, in some cases, death.

What are the health risks for hedgehogs when they consume plastic?

When hedgehogs consume plastic, it can cause gastrointestinal tract blockages, leading to pain, discomfort, and an inability to digest food properly.

This can result in weight loss, malnutrition, and lethargy. In severe cases, the blockage can cut off blood supply to the intestines, causing tissue death and potentially fatal infections.

How to prevent hedgehogs from ingesting plastic?

To prevent hedgehogs from ingesting plastic, maintain a clean and hedgehog-safe environment. Remove any plastic waste from your garden or yard, and secure garbage bins to avoid accidental ingestion.

Provide hedgehogs with natural food sources like insects, fruits, and vegetables to reduce their likelihood of consuming non-food items.

What signs indicate a hedgehog has eaten plastic?

Signs that a hedgehog has consumed plastic may include loss of appetite, lethargy, weight loss, and unusual or discolored droppings.

If you notice such symptoms, it is crucial to consult a veterinarian immediately for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

How to remove plastic from a hedgehog’s digestive system?

If a hedgehog has consumed plastic, it is important to seek veterinary care immediately. A veterinarian may perform diagnostic tests like X-rays or endoscopy to locate the plastic, followed by surgery or endoscopic removal to extract the foreign object safely.

What are common alternatives to plastic for hedgehog-safe environments?

Using biodegradable or compostable materials in place of plastic can help create a hedgehog-safe environment.

For example, consider replacing plastic plant pots with terracotta or wood, and using natural-fiber-based garden netting rather than plastic mesh.

Additionally, provide suitable shelter alternatives such as wooden hedgehog houses or piles of leaves and logs for hiding and nesting purposes.

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