How to Check Your Hedgehog’s Temperature?

As devoted hedgehog parents, it’s our responsibility to ensure the well-being and comfort of our delightful, quilled companions.

One crucial aspect of hedgehog care is monitoring their body temperature, as these small creatures are highly sensitive to environmental changes.

Understanding how to check your hedgehog’s temperature is essential for identifying potential health issues and providing them with a cozy and stress-free habitat.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore simple and gentle methods to assess your hedgehog’s temperature, along with essential tips to maintain their ideal thermal environment.

By mastering this fundamental skill, we can contribute to our hedgehog’s overall happiness and create a nurturing home they will thrive in.

Let’s dive in and become knowledgeable caregivers for these adorable, spiky creatures!

Understanding Hedgehog Temperature Requirements

Hedgehogs are sensitive to temperature and maintaining the right temperature range is crucial for their health.

They thrive in a comfortable environment that isn’t too cold or too hot. Here are the basic hedgehog temperature requirements:

Ideal Temperature Range

The suitable temperature range for a hedgehog is around 72-80°F (22-27°C). It’s important to keep the temperature steady within this range. Any significant changes in temperature can be stressful for them.

Effects of Cold Temperatures:

Hedgehogs are prone to attempts at hibernation if they get too cold. This can be dangerous for hedgehogs, especially the pet ones, as they often don’t have the fat reserves necessary to survive a hibernation period.

Symptoms of a hedgehog attempting to hibernate due to cold might include lethargy, lack of appetite, and rolling into a tight ball for extended periods.

If the hedgehog gets too cold, it could lead to a life-threatening condition known as hypothermia.

Effects of Hot Temperatures:

On the other hand, if a hedgehog gets too hot, it can lead to overheating or heatstroke, which can be equally dangerous.

Signs of overheating include frantic activity, heavy panting, and splayed-out appearance.

Temperature Control:

If you are keeping a hedgehog as a pet, you need to make sure that their living area remains within the ideal temperature range.

This could involve using a heat lamp or a ceramic heat emitter to keep the area warm in a cold environment.

Avoid using heat rocks as they can cause burns. Similarly, to avoid overheating, the area should be well-ventilated and out of direct sunlight. You might consider using a fan or an air conditioner in hot environments.


It’s also important to regularly monitor the temperature of your hedgehog’s enclosure. A thermometer can be used to ensure the temperature stays within the right range.

A thermostat can be very helpful in controlling heat sources and maintaining the right temperature.

Note: Remember, every hedgehog can be a little different, and some may prefer the higher or lower end of the temperature range.

Always pay attention to your hedgehog’s behavior as a key indicator of their comfort and health.

Please consult with a vet or a professional hedgehog breeder for more specific advice tailored to your pet’s needs.

Monitoring Your Hedgehog’s Temperature

Keeping your hedgehog’s temperature stable is crucial for its health, using a thermometer and thermostat to maintain an environmental range of 72°F to 80°F (22°C – 27°C).

Additionally, regularly check your pet’s body heat, which should be around 96°F (35.5°C), and seek veterinary advice if it deviates significantly.

Thermometer and Thermostat Usage

Hedgehogs are exotic pets that require a specific range of temperatures to stay healthy. They are highly sensitive to temperature changes and can go into hibernation if it’s too cold or suffer from heat stress if it’s too hot.

An appropriate thermometer and thermostat setup can provide you with an accurate temperature reading of your hedgehog’s environment.

A digital thermometer, preferably one with a probe, can be placed in the cage to constantly monitor the temperature.

The probe can be placed at different levels of the cage to ensure a range of temperatures is available for the hedgehog. Additionally, using a thermostat can be very beneficial.

The thermostat can be linked to a heat source such as a ceramic heat emitter or a heat pad. Set the thermostat to maintain a temperature between 72°F and 80°F (22°C – 27°C), which is the ideal range for a hedgehog.

Make sure to check the thermometer and thermostat regularly to ensure they are working correctly and maintaining the desired temperature range.

Assessing Body Heat

Along with monitoring the environment, it’s important to monitor the body temperature of your hedgehog.

A cold or hot hedgehog can be a sign of illness or an inappropriate living environment. A healthy hedgehog’s body temperature is usually around 96°F (35.5°C), though this can vary slightly.

One way to assess your hedgehog’s body heat is by touch. A hedgehog that feels warm to the touch is likely at a comfortable temperature, while a hedgehog that feels cold may be too cold.

Note, however, that hedgehogs have a lower body temperature than humans, so they will naturally feel cooler to our touch. If your hedgehog feels unusually cold or appears sluggish, it might be trying to hibernate, which is dangerous for domestic hedgehogs.

On the other hand, if your hedgehog feels hot and is panting or appears lethargic, it might be overheating.In these cases, adjust the temperature in your hedgehog’s environment accordingly.

If there is no improvement, or if you notice other signs of illness, consult with a vet as soon as possible.

Always remember that sudden changes in your hedgehog’s behavior or body temperature could indicate a health issue and should not be ignored.

Signs of Temperature-Related Issues

Signs of temperature-related issues in hedgehogs can vary, and they can become either too cold (attempting to hibernate) or too hot (experiencing heat stress).

When a hedgehog is too cold, it may attempt to hibernate, which is a dangerous state for domesticated hedgehogs.

Signs of attempted hibernation include unresponsiveness, slow movements, a curled-up body position, and a body that feels unusually cool to the touch.

Your hedgehog might also eat less and show a general lack of activity. If you notice any of these signs, try to slowly warm your hedgehog by holding it close to your body, providing a warm (not hot) heating pad, and raising the temperature in the cage.

Lethargy and Loss of Appetite

Lethargy is a common sign of temperature-related problems in hedgehogs. If the temperature is too low, your hedgehog may become slow and unresponsive due to an attempt to hibernate.

Alternatively, if it’s too hot, your hedgehog may become lethargic from heat stress. Another sign to watch for is loss of appetite.

If the temperature is not optimal, a hedgehog may eat less than usual, leading to weight loss and general weakness.

Wobbly Hedgehog Syndrome

Though not directly a temperature-related issue, Wobbly Hedgehog Syndrome (WHS) is a serious neurological disorder that may be exacerbated by temperature fluctuations.

WHS can cause unsteady, wobbly movements, hence the name. Keeping a consistent and proper temperature in the hedgehog’s environment is crucial in managing the condition.

Quill Loss and Weight Loss

Extreme temperatures can stress a hedgehog, leading to quill loss and weight loss.

While it’s normal for hedgehogs to lose and regrow quills (akin to human hair loss and growth), excessive quill loss can be a sign of stress or health problems, including temperature-related issues.

Likewise, sudden or severe weight loss may indicate that your hedgehog is not eating properly due to being too cold or too hot.

Respiration Changes

Changes in respiration can also be a sign of temperature-related issues. If your hedgehog is too hot, it may start panting as a way to cool down.

Conversely, if it’s too cold, the hedgehog may slow its breathing rate as it attempts to conserve energy and hibernate.

Always be mindful of changes in your hedgehog’s breathing patterns, as it could indicate a need to adjust their environmental temperature or seek veterinary care.


Moreover, you can gauge your hedgehog’s body temperature by touch. A healthy hedgehog should feel warm but not hot.

If you notice any significant deviations in your pet’s temperature, or if they exhibit signs of distress, such as lethargy, loss of appetite, unsteady movements, quill loss, or respiration changes, these could be signs of temperature-related issues.

In such cases, immediately adjust their environment’s temperature, and if symptoms persist, seek professional veterinary help.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the ideal temperature for my hedgehog’s environment?

The ideal temperature for a hedgehog’s environment is between 72°F and 80°F (22°C – 27°C). Maintaining this temperature range will help ensure your hedgehog’s comfort and health.

How often should I check the temperature in my hedgehog’s cage?

It’s recommended to check the temperature in your hedgehog’s cage at least once a day. However, if there are major changes in your home’s temperature, you should check it more frequently.

How do I check my hedgehog’s body temperature?

The most practical way for pet owners to check their hedgehog’s body temperature is by touch. A healthy hedgehog should feel warm but not hot.

However, bear in mind that a professional vet would use a special, small-sized animal thermometer to get a more accurate reading.

My hedgehog feels cold, what should I do?

If your hedgehog feels cold and is showing signs of lethargy, it might be trying to hibernate, which is harmful to domestic hedgehogs.

Try to slowly raise its body temperature by holding it close to your body and raise the cage temperature gradually. If symptoms persist, contact a vet immediately.

My hedgehog seems too hot and is panting, what should I do?

If your hedgehog feels hot and shows signs of distress like panting or lethargy, it might be overheating.

Move it to a cooler area, provide fresh water, and lower the temperature in the cage. If symptoms continue, seek veterinary help as soon as possible.

How can I control the temperature in my hedgehog’s environment?

You can control the temperature in your hedgehog’s environment by using a thermostat linked to a heat source such as a ceramic heat emitter or a heat pad.

Regularly check the thermostat to ensure its maintaining the correct temperature range.

What other signs of temperature-related issues should I look for in my hedgehog?

Other signs of temperature-related issues include loss of appetite, wobbly movements, quill loss, weight loss, and changes in respiration.

If you notice any of these signs, adjust the temperature and seek veterinary help if the symptoms continue.

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