Can Hedgehogs Eat Bird Food?

Hedgehogs are endearing little creatures that everyone adores.

This may encourage many people to take on the task of keeping hedgehogs as pets or feeding hedgehogs in their neighborhoods.

In the wild, hedgehogs rely on insects and fruits to fulfill their appetites, and in many cases, you might also catch them near your bird feeder.

This can make many wonders, ‘Can hedgehogs eat bird food.’ Hedgehogs adore sunflower seeds, and their abundance in bird foods attracts them to bird feeders.

Let’s discuss whether hedgehogs can consume bird food and address common concerns.

Can Hedgehogs Eat Bird Food?

Since animals may not clearly understand what is good and bad for their health, when people find their neighborhood hedgehogs munching on seeds spilled from their bird feeders, they may become concerned about whether hedgehogs can eat bird food.

You may be relieved to learn that hedgehogs can eat bird food and that a modest amount of it won’t harm them.

However, it is important to understand that bird food can negatively impact a hedgehog’s health if fed in large quantities.

Scientists have discovered hedgehogs that eat abundant bird food are prone to developing Metabolic Bone Disease.

This occurs due to a phosphorus and calcium imbalance in the animal’s body, weakening bones and muscles and leading to heart problems.

Therefore, a large quantity of bird food can deteriorate a hedgehog’s health by causing it to develop serious health conditions, which may even prove deadly.

One of the major reasons why hedgehogs develop Metabolic Bone Disease is the disbalance of calcium and phosphorus that occurs when you feed hedgehogs large quantities of bird food.

Moreover, although bird seeds can offer some nutrition to hedgehogs, they lack many important nutrients, minerals, and vitamins essential for the animal’s optimal health.

When hedgehogs consume a large proportion of bird food, they may not have room for other foods. This can cause a deficiency of important minerals like calcium.

According to experts, the recommended calcium and phoropters ratio is 1:1 or 2:1. Bird seeds contain ratios of 1:6.

Hence, if hedgehogs have been snacking on the seeds that fall from your bird feeder, that is also not a cause for concern.

However, leaving large portions of bird’s seed out for hedgehogs to eat may not be the best decision.

Instead, you want to choose healthier and more suitable hedgehog food options, like vegetables, fruits, or cat food.

These food items have balanced amounts of minerals and vitamins essential for optimal health for a hedgehog.

Pros and Cons of Bird Seeds for Hedgehogs


Encourage Foraging Behavior

Hedgehogs enjoy foraging for their food. So scattering bird food in the wild or offering bird food in items like bird puzzles can be a great way to promote foraging behavior in hedgehogs in captivity.

Moreover, offering bird food to hedgehogs this way can also help hedgehog owners mentally and physically stimulate their pet hedgehogs and keep them busy for hours.

Variety and Flavor

Hedgehogs are picky animals, and they can quickly become bored with their food and refuse to eat it. Offering small quantities of bird food is a great way to develop their taste buds and offer varied diets.

This will surely keep your pet hedgehog happy and help ensure they don’t get bored with their food.

However, when picking bird food, ensure it is free of any seasoning or additives that may not be suitable for hedgehogs.

Attract Hedgehogs to Your Outdoor Space

If you are a wildlife lover and a hedgehog fan, sprinkling bird food in your backyard is a great way to attract wildlife like birds and hedgehogs to your outdoors.

Watching these animals in your backyard can be an incredible way to spend the day and help you create a wildlife-friendly environment outdoors.

This is also an excellent approach for parents looking to pass their love for hedgehogs onto their children. By attracting hedgehogs to your outdoors, you can educate your children about these animals from an early age.

Important note! Hedgehogs’ spiky backs can inflict serious damage if children try to handle them. Hence, always conduct supervised outdoor time and teach your children about the dangers of handling hedgehogs.


Choking Hazard

In the past, there have been instances of pet hedgehogs choking on food items like seeds.

Hedgehogs may be unable to effectively chew and break down larger bird seeds which may lead to them choking on them.

Hence, it is important to consider the size of bird food when offering it to hedgehogs.

Refrain from purchasing larger bird seeds meant for larger bird species like Macaws or Cockatoos and instead stick to offering hedgehogs with smaller seeds meant for smaller birds.

Harmful Ingredients

Commercially sold birdseed mixes may contain additives like nuts or dry fruit that may not be suitable for hedgehogs.

For example, some commercially sold bird foods may have raisins in them. Raisins are toxic for hedgehogs and may lead to kidney complications if consumed in large quantities.

Moreover, other additives like nuts can also harm hedgehogs due to their high protein content.

If consumed in excess quantities, it can lead to obesity in hedgehogs, increasing their risk of developing several other health complications.

Therefore, when purchasing bird food for hedgehogs, it is important to thoroughly read the ingredients of the seed mix to ensure they don’t have any additives that might negatively impact your hedgehog’s health.

Nutritional Deficiency

Bird food is made to fulfill the nutritional needs of avians and may not have the necessary minerals and vitamins for hedgehogs.

Since hedgehogs enjoy snacking on bird food, like sunflower seeds, it can be easy for you to give in and offer a larger proportion of bird food to make them happy.

However, it is important to understand that this can lead to hedgehogs refusing to eat their primary food.

Since bird food cannot satisfy a hedgehog’s nutritional needs, this can cause nutritional deficiencies in the long run.

This is why experts recommend offering small quantities of bird food to hedgehogs.

Alternative Treats for Hedgehogs

Since offering hedgehogs a varied diet is critical to ensure they don’t get bored with their food and get all the necessary minerals, vitamins, and proteins needed for optimal health, including various treats in their diet is important.

Apart from bird food, you can give hedgehogs several other treatment alternatives to keep their taste buds happy and their nutritional needs fulfilled.

Some nutritious and healthy treat alternatives for hedgehogs other than bird food include:

  • Apple
  • Cherries
  • Cucumber
  • Mealworms
  • Carrots Kiwi
  • Waxworms
  • Banana
  • Silkworms
  • Boiled eggs

Remember that the above treatment options should never replace hedgehog food and should only be offered as occasional treats.

Large quantities of these food items can cause your hedgehog to develop several health complications like obesity and kidney failure.

Final Verdict

Although hedgehogs can eat bird food, it is critical to understand the risks of feeding birds food to these spiky animals.

Bird food should never become the primary food source for hedgehogs since it lacks the important nutrients and minerals necessary for hedgehogs and can lead to nutritional imbalance and deficiencies in the long run.

Overall, hedgehogs can eat bird food, but it should not be a staple in their diet.

While bird seed may provide some nutrients, it can also cause health issues, such as Metabolic Bone Disease.

It is important to provide a balanced diet for hedgehogs that includes protein, fruits, and vegetables.

When feeding hedgehogs, it is best to provide specially-made hedgehog food or meat-based cat or dog food.

These foods are formulated to provide the necessary nutrients for hedgehogs.

Additionally, providing fresh water in a shallow dish or feeding station can be a lifeline for hedgehogs, especially during hot, dry summers.

It is important to note that hedgehogs are opportunistic eaters and will readily consume food left out in your garden.

As such, it is important to avoid feeding them foods that are harmful, such as milk, bread, and chocolate. These foods can cause digestive issues and even be fatal for hedgehogs.

In conclusion, while hedgehogs can eat bird food, it is not the best option for their diet.

Providing a balanced diet that includes specially-made hedgehog food or meat-based cat or dog food, along with fresh water, is the best way to ensure their health and well-being.

By taking these simple steps, we can help support the hedgehog population and ensure their survival for generations to come.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions about whether hedgehogs can eat bird food:

Can hedgehogs eat bird seed?

A: Yes, hedgehogs can eat bird seed, but it should not be a regular part of their diet. Bird seed does not provide all the necessary nutrients that hedgehogs need to stay healthy.

Additionally, some types of bird seed can be harmful to hedgehogs, such as those that contain sunflower seeds or peanuts.

These seeds are high in fat and can cause obesity, which can lead to health problems.

What types of bird food can hedgehogs eat?

Hedgehogs are insectivores, so they require a diet that is high in protein. They can eat bird food that contains mealworms, crickets, or other insects.

However, it is important to check the ingredients list to make sure that the bird food does not contain any harmful ingredients, such as sunflower seeds or peanuts.

Can hedgehogs eat suet balls?

A: No, hedgehogs should not eat suet balls. Suet is high in fat and can cause obesity, which can lead to health problems.

Additionally, suet balls often contain other ingredients that are harmful to hedgehogs, such as raisins or currants.

Should I feed hedgehogs bird food?

While hedgehogs can eat bird food, it should not be their primary source of nutrition. Hedgehogs require a varied diet that includes insects, meat, and vegetables.

If you want to feed hedgehogs in your garden, it is best to provide them with a specially-made hedgehog food or meat-based cat or dog food.

How much bird food should I feed hedgehogs?

Hedgehogs should only be given a small amount of bird food as a treat. Too much bird food can cause health problems, such as obesity.

Additionally, bird food should not be left out for hedgehogs overnight, as it can attract other animals that may harm or scare the hedgehogs.

In summary, while hedgehogs can eat bird food, it should not be a regular part of their diet. Hedgehogs require a varied diet that includes insects, meat, and vegetables to stay healthy.

If you want to feed hedgehogs in your garden, it is best to provide them with a specially-made hedgehog food or meat-based cat or dog food.

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